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List of words with a silent ‘h’ in English

by Jakub Marian

Tip: Did you know that the plural of “sheep” is “sheep”, not “sheeps”? Learn more about the most common grammar mistakes in English (PDF version).

Note: This article is based on my detailed book about pronunciation mistakes in English (PDF version).

First, let me note that some people use “an” as the indefinite article form before “historic”, “horrific”, “hotel” and a couple of other words beginning with an “H”. However, virtually all speakers pronounce the “H” at the beginning when the word is not preceded by an indefinite article.

Since these words do not begin with a vowel, there is no reason to use the “an” form before them. In the past, both “an historic event” and “a historic event” were commonly used because words of French origin beginning with an “H” (such as “history”) used to be pronounced without the “H” (like they still are in French). Nonetheless, the current usage is strongly inclined towards using “a”, not “an”, and always pronouncing the “H”. Not following the rule is perceived as uneducated by many, so you may want to follow it just to be on the safe side.

Nevertheless, there are a couple of words with a completely silent “H” (“H” which is not pronounced at all in any form of the word). The following list is meant mainly for English learners, so it also contains notes about other common pronunciation mistakes made by learners:

hour /ˈaʊə/ (aau-ə) UK, /ˈaʊɚ/ (aau-rr) US (both the same as “our”); the “h” at the beginning is silent, as it should be also in the name of the letter H /eɪdʒ/ (eydzh). Some native speakers started to pronounce H as “heydzh” lately, but such pronunciation is regarded as incorrect by many.
honour /ˈɒnər/ (on-ə) UK, honor /ˈɑːnɚ/ (aan-r) US; some learners mispronounce this word as if it had /ʌ/ at the beginning (as in “onion” /ˈʌnjon/).
honest /ˈɒnɪst/ (on-ist) UK, /ˈɑːnɪst/ (aan-ist) US; “hon” is pronounced exactly the same as in the previous word.
Hannah /ˈhɑnə/ (haa-nə) UK, /ˈhænə/ (-nə) US; on the other hand, it is the final “h” that is silent in this name, not the first one. The same is true for all words of Hebrew origin ending with “ah”, e.g. Bar Mitzvah.
heir /ɛə/ UK, /ɛr/ US; a person who inherits something from someone else. It comes from Old French, so the “H” remains silent; it sounds exactly the same as “air” and “ere” (meaning “before long”).
exhausted /ɪɡˈzɔːstɪd/ (ig-zaw-stid); notice also that “x” at the beginning is pronounced as “gz”, not as “ks”.
Thai /taɪ/; “th” in English is usually pronounced as /θ/ (as in “think”) or /ð/ (as in “the”), but in “Thai”, is is pronounced just as “t”. The same applies to Thailand too, of course.
vehicle /ˈviːəkl/ (vee-ə-kl); some speakers of American English pronounce the “h”, but the vast majority keep the “h” silent and consider the pronunciation with an “h” unnatural.
ghost /ɡəʊst/ (gəust) UK, /ɡoʊst/ (gohst) US; to end our discussion about the silent “H”, notice that it is also silent in “ghost”. This is in fact the case with all words beginning with “gh” such as ghetto /ˈgɛtəʊ/ (ge-təu) UK, /ˈgɛtoʊ/ (ge-toh) US, ghastly /ˈɡɑːstli/ (gaast-lee) UK, /ˈɡæstli/ (gæst-lee) US, and ghee /ɡiː/ (g-ee).

This article was based on my book about English pronunciation and commonly mispronounced words. Why don’t you check it out? There’s also a downloadable PDF version.

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