Language learning, science, and art

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‘Be late for’ vs. ‘be late to’ in English
When you want to take part in some activity and you are late, you can say either that you are “late for the activity” or that you are (...)
October 6, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
Total instruction time in compulsory education in European schools (map)
Primary and lower secondary education is compulsory in all European countries (with the exception of Vatican City), but there are huge (...)
September 30, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps
School holidays by country in Europe (map)
Each country’s government determines the dates and duration of school holidays, and those are completely independent of school holidays in (...)
September 23, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps
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Is ‘that’ always restrictive and ‘which’ non-restrictive?
There are two basic types of subordinate (dependent) clauses in English. A clause is called non-restrictive if it adds only parenthetical (...)
September 20, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
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Difference between ‘electronic’, ‘electric’, and ‘electrical’
The meanings of “electric”, “electrical”, and “electronic” often overlap, but the three adjectives are not completely interchangeable. The (...)
September 6, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
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Comma before ‘because’ in English
“Because” introduces a dependent clause that almost always contains essential information (the whole sentence would sound incomplete (...)
August 31, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
Ukrainian immigration in Europe (map)
Today’s map shows the percentages of residents of European countries who were born in Ukraine (that is, first-generation immigrants of (...)
August 26, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps
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Comma before ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘so’, etc., between independent clauses
Most languages don’t require a comma before “and” when it joins two independent clauses, but writing a comma before “but”, (...)
August 24, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
Average Internet connection speed by country in Europe
Akamai, a huge content delivery network (CDN), regularly publishes statistical data on various aspects of Internet connection in the (...)
August 19, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps
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‘I feel myself good’ and ‘I feel myself well’ in English
A common error among beginning English speakers is to say “I feel myself” instead of “I feel”, which is understandable because this is the (...)
August 16, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
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‘He wents’ vs. ‘he went’ in English
English is a very simple language when it comes to the past tense. Every verb in English (apart from “to be”) has only one simple-past (...)
August 16, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
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Comma before ‘whereas’, ‘while’, and ‘although’
Should you precede a subordinate clause with a comma? This depends on whether the subordinate clause contains essential information that (...)
August 9, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
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‘In the future’ vs. ‘in future’ in British and American English
“Future” can be either an adjective or a noun. When used as an adjective, it doesn’t take any article itself; it is preceded by the (...)
August 6, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
Wine consumption in Europe by country per year per capita
Wine is one of the most popular alcoholic beverages in Europe, with the French alone consuming about the same amount of wine as the whole (...)
August 3, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps, Nutrition
percentages of Russian immigrants
Russian immigration in Europe (map)
The following map shows the percentages of residents of European countries who were born in Russia (i.e. first-generation immigrants of (...)
July 29, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps
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‘So to say’ vs. ‘so to speak’ in English
Both “so to speak” and “so to say” can be found in English literature and English dictionaries. However, take a look at the following (...)
July 25, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
Map of languages and language families of Europe
The following map shows the language families present in Europe (distinguished by colour) and the major languages within those families. (...)
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Comma after ‘i.e.’ and ‘e.g.’
The abbreviations i.e. (which means “that is” or “in other words”, from Latin id est) and e.g. (which means “for example”, from Latin (...)
July 19, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
Immigration in Europe: Map of the percentage and country of origin of immigrants
Migration is a common phenomenon in Europe. The growth in the number of immigrants has been even more pronounced after the formation of (...)
July 13, 2015 – Jakub MarianMaps
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‘Compare to’ vs. ‘compare with’ in English
Some authors claim that “compare to” and “compare with” mean essentially the same, but this is not supported by actual data. The verb (...)
July 12, 2015 – Jakub MarianEnglish
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