Names of fruits and vegetables in French, Spanish and German with pictures

by Jakub Marian

Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English. It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more (PDF Version).

Learning basic vocabulary in a foreign language can be a dull task. It doesn’t make much sense to go through a long list of translations and to memorize

So this is how you should really use the following list: don’t try to remember the connection between the English word and its translation; rather look at the picture and try to remember which French, Spanish or German word represents it.

FrenchSpanishGerman
apple
apple
une pomme
/pɔm/
la manzana
/manˈθana/
or /manˈsana/
der Apfel
-s, die Äpfel
/ˈapfəl/
banana
banana
une banane
/banan/
el plátano
/ˈplatano/
die Banane, -n
/baˈnaːnə/
beet
beetroot
une betterave rouge
/bɛtʁav ʁuʒ/
la remolacha
/remoˈlatʃa/
(Spain)
or
el betabel
/betaˈβel/
(Mexico)
die Rote Bete, -n
/ˈʁoːtə ˈbeːtə/
or
die Rote Rübe, -n
/ˈʁoːtə ˈryːbə/
bell_pepper
bell pepper
un poivron
/pwavʁɔ̃/
el pimiento morrón
/piˈmjento moˈron/
der Paprika
-s, -s or Paprika
/ˈpapʁɪka/
blackberry
blackberry
une mûre
/myʁ/
la zarzamora
/θaɾθaˈmoɾa/
or /saɾsaˈmoɾa/

can be called also just “mora”
die Brombeere, -n
/ˈbʁɔmˌbeːʁə/
carrot
carrot
une carotte
/kaʁɔt/
la zanahoria
/θanaˈoɾja/
or /sanaˈoɾja
/
die Möhre, -n
/ˈmøːʁə/
or, depending on
the dialect:
die Karotte, -n
/kaˈʁɔtə/
cucumber
cucumber
un concombre
/kɔ̃kɔ̃bʁ/
el pepino
/peˈpino/
die Gurke, -n
/ˈɡʊʁkə/
garlic
garlic
un ail
/aj/
el ajo
/ˈaxo/
der Knoblauch
-(e)s, -e

/ˈknoːˌblaʊχ/
lemon
lemon
un citron
/sitʁɔ̃/
el limón
/liˈmon/
die Zitrone, -n
/tsiˈtʁoːnə/
maize_corn
maize/corn
le maïs
uncountable
/mais/
el maíz
/maˈiθ/
or /maˈis/
der Mais
des Mais(es), no plural
/maɪs/
pear
pear
une poire
/pwaʁ/
la pera
/ˈpeɾa/
die Birne, -n
/ˈbɪʁnə/
onion
onion
un oignon or
un ognon
both /ɔɲɔ̃/
la cebolla
/θeˈβoʎa/
or /seˈβoʎa/
die Zwiebel, -n
/ˈtsviːbəl/
orange
orange
une orange
/ɔʁɑ̃ʒ/
la naranja
/naˈɾaŋxa/
die Orange, -n
/oˈʁãːʒə/
pineapple
pineapple
un ananas
/ananas/
or /anana/
la piña
/ˈpiɲa/
die Ananas
pl. Ananas
/ˈananas/
potato
potato
une pomme de terre
/pɔmdətɛʁ/
la patata (Spain)
/paˈtata/
or
la papa (L.Am.)
/ˈpapa/
die Kartoffel, -n
/kaʁˈtɔfl/
strawberry
strawberry
une fraise
/fʁɛz/
la fresa
/ˈfɾesa/
die Erdbeere, -n
/ˈeːɐtbeːʀə/
tomato
tomato
une tomate
/tɔmat/
el tomate
/toˈmate/
In some parts of Mexico, “tomate” refers only to a green tomato, and a red tomato is referred to as “jitomate”.
die Tomate -n
/toˈmaːtə/
Pictures licensed from: © virinaflora – Fotolia.com.

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