There are only three English words which contain a Q not followed by U that are not borrowed from another language:
- qwerty /ˈkwɜrti/ (US), /ˈkwɜːti/ (UK) is the standard English keyboard layout. The name comes from the letters Q, W, E, R, T, Y located at the top left side of the layout.
- tranq /træŋk/ is a slang term for a tranquillizer.
- qiana /kiˈɑːnə/ is a type of nylon fibre.
Other relatively common examples of such words are the following borrowed words:
- niqab /nɪˈkɑːb/ and burqa /ˈbɜːrkə/ (US), /ˈbʊəkə/ or /ˈbɜːkə/ (UK) are types of female clothing worn in some Muslim countries. “Burqa” is often spelled also “burka” or “burkha”.
- qi /tʃiː/ (notice the pronunciation), sometimes spelled also “chi” or “ki”, is a psychic energy in Chinese culture.
- sheqel /ˈʃɛkəl/, spelled also “shekel”, is a currency used in Israel.
The only other common examples are proper names:
- Iraq /ɪˈræk/ or /ɪˈrɑːk/ and Qatar /ˈkɑːtɑːr/ or /kəˈtɑːr/ (US, in the UK pronounced without the final “r”) are names of countries.
- Compaq /ˈkɑːmˌpæk/ (US), /ˈkɒmˌpæk/ (UK) is a computer company later acquired by Hewlett-Packard.
- Nasdaq or, more commonly, NASDAQ /ˈnæzdæk/ is an American stock market.
- Qantas /ˈkwɒntəs/ is an Australian airline.